In fact, these ancient buildings are really fantastic and have gone into history because they were erected thousands of years ago and are still there to tell history. Now the architecture is changing, with increasingly daring and futuristic traits, which can stay for posterity. Check out the top 10 wonders of modern architecture.
10. Capital Gate-Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
The Capital Gate is an amazing slanted skyscraper, even more so than the famous tower of Pisa in Italy. In 2010, he entered the Guinness Book as the most inclined tower in the world. It’s 35 floors at 160 feet high.
To achieve this inclination, the engineers used the technique of pre-bending. Floor plates were stacked vertically up to the 12th floor. From that floor on, the plates were applied with a space difference between 300 millimeters and 1,400 millimeters.
9. 30 St. Mary Axe – London, United Kingdom
Just like the famous London Bridge story, this groundbreaking skyscraper is part of the city’s postcard. It is 41 floors scattered in a singular architecture, in a curvy way. It was the first ecologically correct skyscraper of the British capital since it is all covered with glass, which allows the entrance of light and natural ventilation.
The skyscraper began to be built in 2003 and opened the following year. It is formed by 744 glass panels that help to reduce electricity consumption by 50% because of natural lighting, plus a golden dome at the top, open to visitors who can climb up there and have a view of 360 degrees from London.
8. Petronas Towers – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
These are considered the largest twin towers in the world and have become an icon of the Malaysian capital, mainly representing the country’s economic growth. The construction began in 1998 and the inauguration took place in August of the following year.
The Petronas was created by Argentine architect Cesar Pelli. 55000 glass panels and 33000 stainless steel were used. The panels still manage to filter out sunlight and reduce the noise pollution that comes from the city. Between the floors 41 and 42 was built a bridge, considered the highest two-story Bridge in the world. In the interior, there are modern sculptures and paintings. Much of the building is formed by companies and offices, but there is a residential area from the 41 º floor. Imagine living on top of this skyscraper!
7. Palace of the Arts Queen Sofia-Valencia, Spain
This wonderful building is an opera House and cultural center located in Valencia and one of the most modern buildings in Spain. It was created by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, one of the best known in the world, responsible for other great modern creations, such as the Puente de la Mujer in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The Palace of the arts took 10 years to build. With only 75 meters high, it is considered the smallest opera house in the world. The most impressive in its architecture is the ceiling in the form of mosaic. The “feather” on the construction has 230 meters and was made with laminated steel. The interior is divided into three parts, in which each of the operas, musical concerts and conferences are performed.
6. Headquarters of Chinese Central Television – Beijing, China
This impressive 44-story building located in Beijing is known for its unusual format and arguably one of the most creative constructions of modern architecture. They are two perpendicular towers interconnected at the top by another construction, forming a type of closed circuit.
The television headquarters was created by the renowned architects Rem Koolhaas, from Germany, and Ole Scheeren, from Holland. It was erected between the years 2004 and 2012. The towers are respectively 234 meters and 194 meters. The structure of the building supports major seismic shocks.
5. Guggenheim Museum-Bilbao, Spain
The Guggenheim Museum is another amazing modern Spanish building. It was created by renowned Canadian architect Frank Gehry. They’re interconnected, curved, titanium-covered constructions and glass. The curves of the museum reflect the sunlight, making it even more beautiful and attractive. In addition to hosting works of art and various exhibitions, the museum is one of the main postcards of Bilbao.
4. National Stadium-Beijing, China
Also known as “Bird’s Nest”, this is one of the most impressive steel structures ever built. It cost 33 million dollars and it took five years to build, being delivered in the year that Beijing hosted the Olympics in 2008. It is also the largest construction in steel structure in the world, with 28 kilometers.
The circular shape of the stadium was inspired by the Chinese ceramics and also represents the sky. It occupies a space of 254 meters and has the capacity for 91000 people. Another curiosity is that the stadium has a removable roof, which can be used according to climatic conditions.
3. Great National Theatre – Beijing, China
This beautiful building is also called ‘ The Giant Egg ‘. In an ellipse format, its structure is made of titanium and glass and includes an opera house, a concert hall and a large theater, scattered in an area of 118 square meters.
The Great National Theatre was created by the French architect Paul Andrew. It began to be erected in 2001 and delivered in 2007. There were 18000 titanium plates that cover their exterior, and a thousand glass plates at the entrance, from where you can see the inside. It also has underground entrances and is surrounded by a beautiful artificial lake.
2. Sydney Opera-Sydney, Australia
The most famous Australian postcard and architectural icon of the country are world-renowned for its design formed by its roof reminiscent of a sailboat. For being so incredible and innovative, Sydney’s opera was named UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.
Its construction began in 1957 and it was necessary long 16 years to be done. Today is one of the most popular theatres in the world, with about 1,500 concerts held in the Opera House. Its interior also houses five other theatres, five rehearsal studios, two auditoriums, four restaurants, six bars and several souvenir shops. It is Sydney’s most important tourist attraction, with more than 2 million visitors per year. An important event held around this beautiful building is the celebration of the year, with several fireworks.
1. Burj Khalifa-Dubai, United Arab Emirates
This is the world’s largest skyscraper, 828 feet tall. It is considered the largest icon of the architecture of Dubai.
Its construction began in 2004 and was delivered in 2010. Its architecture is inspired by traditional Islamic architecture. The architects created a plan in the form of inverted ‘ Y ‘ to build it. are 200 floors, 160 of them formed by residential apartments. The building also has corporate headquarters, offices and a luxury hotel. Imagine living in the highest skyscraper in the world!
For those who one day plan to know the city, it is possible to visit the top of the Burj Khalifa, and thus have a full view of 360 degrees from Dubai. No doubt a must-have attraction!