From the Biblical Mount Sinai to the fictional mountain of Doom of The Lord of the Rings, the mountains have influenced us for thousands of years. Whether by its wild beauty or by its imposing heights, are some of nature’s most beautiful creations.
1. Matterhorn, Switzerland
One of the world’s most famous mountains, the Matterhorn, is located in the Swiss Alps. This majestic mound has the height 4,478 meters and is one of the most difficult to climb.
2. Three peaks of Lavaredo, Italy
The peaks of Tre Cime di Lavaredo (Italian for “Three peaks of Lavaredo”) are part of the Italian Dolomites and are considered one of the best-known mountain ranges of the Alps. The highest of the three peaks reach 2,999 meters.
3. Cerro Torre, Argentina/Chile
Located on the border between Argentina and Chile, the Cerro Torre is a difficult place if you want to reach your summit. Its peak reaches about 3,128 meters above sea level and is considered one of the most difficult climbs in the world.
4. Alpamayo, Peru
One of the most famous mountain destinations is the Alpamayo, located in the “Cordillera Blanca” of Peru. The name of this mountain of 5,947 meters means “Rio da Terra” in Quechua, one of the languages spoken by the native peoples of South America.
5. Denali, Alaska
Also known as Mount McKinley, Denali is the highest mountain in North America. It has 6,168 meters high and is surrounded by many kilometers of desert. On days when people were still traveling on horseback, it was possible to spot the mountain when they were still a few days away.
6. Huayna Picchu, Peru
The site of the famous Inca city of Machu Picchu, Huayna Picchu reaches the height of 2,720 meters above sea level. The courageous walkers can climb to the top and enjoy a panoramic view over the ruins of Machu Picchu.
7. The Spectrum, Antarctica
One of the largest and lesser-known mountains of the world (understandable, considering that it is located in the only continent of the planet not inhabited by humans), the spectrum rises to 2,400 meters above sea level, composing, with the smaller mountains at its side, A beautiful and impactful image.
8. Kirkjufell, Iceland
The meaning of its name is “Mountain Church”, and although it is the smallest mountain on the list, with “only” 463 meters high, it is one of the most impressive. Thanks to its location, Kirkjufell is the stage of many boreal auroras, and when the weather warms up, it is possible to enjoy a beautiful waterfall called Kirkjufellfoss.
9. Mauna Loa, Hawaii
Mauna Loa is the largest volcano in the world and covers about half of the great island of Hawaii. The mountain has been erupting for about 700,000 years and is so large (9.20 km from the ridge to the base, located at the bottom of the sea), which is actually the fifth largest mountain in the solar system.
10. Ama Dablam, Nepal
The second highest peak on the list, Ama Dablam dominates the horizon with its impressive height of 6,812 meters. The meaning of nanny Dablam is “mother’s necklace”, as the elongated clippings of the mountain resemble the arms of a mother protecting her child, and the glaciers are her necklace.
11. Monte Everest
Mount Everest is the highest mountain on Earth, with 8.844 m above sea level. It is located in the Himalayan Mountains, on the border between the People’s Republic of China (Tibet) and Nepal. In Nepali, the Pico is called Sagarmatha (goddess Mother of Heaven), and in Tibetan Chomolungma or Everest (mother goddess of the Earth).
The highest mountain in the solar system, Mount Olympus, reaches the unbelievable height of 26,000 meters, being the same size as the U.S. state of Arizona. It’s a volcano located in the Western hemisphere of Mars.